Appendices - Hirohito's War
O. Japanese – Soviet Conflict in Siberia, Mongolia and Manchuria
The final major military actions of the Pacific War, indeed World War II, did not take place in the Pacific, southern china or the plains and jungles of southern and eastern Burma, but in the remote, mountain and desert borders that separate northern Manchuria from Siberia and the even more remote Kuril Islands that separate Japan from the Kamchatka Peninsula. These would not be small-scale engagements—in terms of numbers, the battles fought in Manchuria from 9 August to 26 August, particularly the Battle of Mutanchiang, were some of the largest of the Pacific War. Given that on the day of the invasion, a second atom bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, the impact of this late stage military engagement on the course of history is debatable. Indeed, it is the post-war argument about the importance of the soviet Manchurian campaign in bringing about Japan’s surrender vis-à-vis the atom bomb, wherein lies the main significance of the soviet invasion of Manchuria.